Flexible fuzzy-robust optimization method in closed-loop supply chain network problem modeling for the engine oil industry


  • Seyed Mohammad Shams Moosavi Department of industrial engineering, Islamic Azad University, Science and research branch, Tehran, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2795-5398
  • Mehdi Seifbarghy Department of industrial engineering, Faculty of engineering-al-Zahra university-Tehran, Iran
  • Seyed Mohammad Haji Molana Department of industrial engineering, Islamic Azad University, Science and research branch, Tehran, Iran




Closed-loop supply chain network, reliability, flexible fuzzy robust optimization, discount, metaheuristic algorithms


This study models a closed loop supply chain network for the Iranian engine oil market. The primary goal of the created model is to summarize tactical choices like choosing the best degree of discount and allocating the best flow of products across facilities as well as strategic decisions like selecting a supplier and finding new facilities. The three aim functions of reducing overall expenses, optimizing employment rate, and limiting unrealized demand are considered. The novel flexible fuzzy robust optimization approach also controls the uncertainty parameters and the meta-heuristics algorithm for solving the model. This investigation showed that the network's overall transportation and operational expenses have risen as the rate of uncertainty and dependability has grown. MOGWO was chosen as an effective algorithm and employed in solving numerical examples of more significant size after the final examination of comparison indices between solution techniques (case study). According to the findings of a case study, the four oil businesses, Behran, Sepahan, Iranol, and Pars, were chosen as the best production hubs since they can generate 514 million liters of engine oil annually. As a consequence, building the network cost a total of 434321010 million Rials, required the employment of more than 37 thousand individuals, and left 90 million liters of fuel short.


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How to Cite

Shams Moosavi, S. M., Seifbarghy, M., & Haji Molana, S. M. (2023). Flexible fuzzy-robust optimization method in closed-loop supply chain network problem modeling for the engine oil industry. Decision Making: Applications in Management and Engineering, 6(2), 461–502. https://doi.org/10.31181/dmame622023569